Name: 
 

States of Matter



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following best describes the particles of a liquid?
a.
The particles are far apart and moving fast.
b.
The particles are close together but moving past each other.
c.
The particles are far apart and moving slowly.
d.
The particles are closely packed and vibrate in place.
 

 2. 

During which change of state do atoms or molecules become more ordered?
a.
boiling
c.
melting
b.
condensation
d.
sublimation
 

 3. 

The atoms and molecules in matter
a.
are attracted to one another.
c.
move faster at higher temperatures.
b.
are constantly moving.
d.
All of the above
 

 4. 

The particles of water that evaporate from an open container have ____ than the particles that remain.
a.
more speed
c.
higher energy
b.
greater order
d.
more speed and higher energy
 

 5. 

Which of the following occurs when a liquid becomes a gas?
a.
The particles give off energy.
b.
The particles break away from one another.
c.
The particles move closer together.
d.
The particles slow down.
 

 6. 

A solid is a state of matter that has a(n)
a.
indefinite volume and an indefinite shape.
b.
definite volume and a definite shape.
c.
definite volume and an indefinite shape.
d.
indefinite volume and a definite shape.
 

 7. 

In which state of matter are particles packed tightly together in fixed positions?
a.
gas
b.
solid
c.
liquid
d.
compound
 

 8. 

Particles of a liquid
a.
are tightly packed together and stay in a fixed position.
b.
have no viscosity.
c.
decrease in volume with increasing temperature.
d.
are free to move in a container but remain in close contact with one another.
 

 9. 

A fluid is
a.
a solid substance made up of crystals.
b.
a substance that has a definite shape and a definite volume.
c.
a substance that flows.
d.
a substance that melts at a distinct temperature.
 

 10. 

In which state of matter do the particles spread apart and fill all the space available to them?
a.
crystal
b.
liquid
c.
gas
d.
solid
 

 11. 

The amount of space that a gas takes up is its
a.
volume.
b.
mass.
c.
pressure.
d.
density.
 



 
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